However, as actions are projected further into the future, fewer facts
are available, more assumptions must be made, and the probability of
forecast requirements occurring exactly as predicted diminishes
Assumptions are an essential part of forecasting and are
used throughout the planning sequence.
In the absence of facts, assumptions state conditions that must exist
if a specific plan is to be put into effect.
are used to develop alternate plans for various anticipated
A subordinate planner treats a higher commander's assumptions as facts
bearing on the problem.
When additional information becomes
available, forecasts are modified to conform to the new situation.
These changes necessitate corresponding changes in plans being
developed or revisions to those plans already completed.
sections must be informed promptly of any changes so that planning and
preparation will be coordinated throughout the command.
establishing priority of further preparation is the second step in the
and assumptions to determine the probability of their occurring, so
that priorities can be established for further planning and
preparation. At this stage, a planning program begins to emerge.
interrelationships of the probable requirements to formulate an
assumed mission, or missions, is the third step in the planning
As a mission becomes apparent, the planning sequence
parallels the commander and staff actions of the decision-making
Analyzing the mission to determine the specific
tasks to be performed, their complexity, and their relative importance
At this point, the
planning tasks and the phasing of planning tasks begin to emerge.
Establishing guidance for specific tasks is the
fifth step in the planning sequence.
Planning guidance keeps all
planners moving in the same direction at the same time.
concurrent planning easier by providing the foundation for planning
Guidance may be:
An oral planning directive on specific tactics
Key factors from the analysis of assigned or assumed missions,
courses of action
Forecasts, or procedures from the commander
Policy statements by the commander