"In 1951 President Harry Truman wrote,
`As we build up our military strength to secure the free world from
aggression, we must be equally diligent to strengthen the moral
and spiritual life of our armed forces'
Confidence in Battle, Inspiration in Peace: The United States
"President Dwight D. Eisenhower, in recalling his decision
to launch the Normandy invasion in 1944 and the time he
spent in prayer then reflected that `prayer gives you the
courage to make the decisions you must make in a crisis
and then the confidence to leave the result to a Higher
"At the end of Operation Desert Storm, General H.
Norman Schwarzkopf encouraged Christian soldiers to
celebrate Easter, Jewish soldiers to celebrate Passover,
and Muslim soldiers to make the minor pilgrimage to
Mecca supported by the 535 Army chaplains in US Central
"General Gordon R. Sullivan summarized the relationship
between personal courage in war and the spiritual fitness
of soldiers in Field Manual 1, The Army:
`Courage is the ability to overcome fear and carry on with the
mission. Courage makes it possible for soldiers to fight and win.
Courage, however, transcends the physical dimension. Moral
10 May 2005