Moral and Ethical Issues
The Ethical Reasoning Process
Step 3. Develop and evaluate COAs.
COAs must address the problem and the important Army
values for your decisionmaking (from step 1) and comply with
requirements and restrictions (from step 2).
Consult a mentor, a peer, or brainstorm to get ideas.
Evaluate COAs: List ethical pros and cons. Ask practical questions.
Would I make the same decision if I knew the whole story
would go public tomorrow?
Am I gaining (or giving) an unfair advantage?
Does this COA deceive anyone?
Does this COA benefit the best interests of the Army, my unit,
Ask how Army values apply. Consider the deeper aspects of Army
Loyalty is based on legitimate obligations. Being honest is not
Duty is what you must do legally and morally.
Respect means recognizing the inherent dignity of every
human being. It includes acting with justice and compassion.
Selfless service means service before self.
Honor provides the motive for action. It demands that we
follow all the Army values.
Integrity means not violating your personal faith and moral
Personal courage means going for what is right, even in the
face of disapproval or opposition.
10 May 2005