existing facilities and to provide for an orderly, responsive growth to meet
b. Presidential Reserve Call-Up Authority.
Title 10 United States Code (USC) 673b gives the President the power to activate
up to 200,000 Selected Reserve members involuntarily for 90 days (plus an
additional 90 if required) without declaring a national emergency. The 200,000
figure represents the total Selected Reserve members called to active duty during
this timeframe. If some Reservists are released from active duty early, others may
be activated as long as the total remains within the 200,000 ceiling and the total
declared duration is not exceeded. No limit exists for Reservists who volunteer for
active duty and are called to active duty under some authority other than Title 10
USC 673b. The President may utilize the authority when he determines it
necessary to augment the active forces for any operational mission. This authority
is not meant to circumvent existing controls on active duty and strengths through
successive call-ups of Reservists. The 90 plus 90 days duration for activation is
sufficient to clarify the operational situation and ascertain whether some degree of
national mobilization is required or that no further need for augmentation of
active forces exists. Due to legal and system constraints, the 200k are not
considered a mobilization.
PART C - MOBILIZATION PHASES
There are five mobilization phases, and they are discussed as follows:
(1) Phase I - Planning.
This phase concerns RC units at home station during peacetime. During
this phase, units plan, train and prepare to accomplish assigned
mobilization missions; prepare mobilization plans and files as directed by
STARC/USARC and FORMDEPS, conduct mobilization training as
directed. Each unit takes as many administrative and processing actions as
possible before being ordered to Federal active duty. Therefore, plans for
the following phases must be completed to include movement planning.
Planning is the normal training accomplished at IDT weekends or Annual
(2) Phase II - Alert.
This phase begins when a unit receives notice of a pending order to active
duty and ends when the unit enters active Federal service. The unit takes
specific actions to transition from RC to AC status. The unit begins to
implement actions with available personnel, facilities, and emergency
activities to complete the administrative and processing actions that began
in Phase I. The unit prepares to move.